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Полиферментные препараты в кормлении моногастричных животных

https://doi.org/10.32634/0869-8155-2021-348-4-35-43

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Аннотация

 Для кормовых целей в основном используют ферментные препараты, которые содержат ферменты, не  вырабатываемые в организме животных, хотя у цыплят  первых недель жизни и поросят после отъема образуется  недостаточное количество собственных протеаз и амилаз, поэтому их включение в корма тоже оказывается полезным. К настоящему времени созданы и производятся  высокоактивные ферментные препараты, обладающие  различными специфическими активностями. В кормах, приготовленных с использованием традиционного сырья,  до 30% питательных веществ недоступны для  переваривания ферментами, секретируемыми в ЖКТ. Включение в корма экзогенных ферментов обеспечивает дополнительное использование непереваримой фракции. Достичь полной переваримости кормов невозможно, хотя  in vitro экзогенные ферменты переваривают почти до 100% целевых субстратов. Проблема обусловлена тем, что в  естественных кормах нет чистых субстратов — они связаны с другими веществами, которые ограничивают доступность к ним ферментов. Свойства естественных субстратов, их  концентрация и доступность даже в одном и том же сырье  изменчивы, что исключает надежное прогнозирование  эффективности действия кормовых ферментов. Частично эти трудности преодолевают путем использования  полиферментных препаратов. Необходимо дальнейшее изучение специфики нативных субстратов и факторов, повышающих их доступность для действия ферментов.  

Об авторах

В. С. Крюков
ООО «Кормогран»
Россия

Москва



С. В. Зиновьев
 ВНИИПП – филиал ФНЦ ВНИТИП
Россия

п. Ржавки Московской обл.



Р. В. Некрасов
ФГБНУ ФИЦ ВИЖ им. Л.К. Эрнста
Россия

Подольск пос., Дубровицы



И. В. Глебова
Курская ГСХА
Россия

 Курск



В. Б. Галецкий
Гатчинский ККЗ
Россия

Ленинградская обл., Гатчинский р-н, д. Малые Колпаны



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Для цитирования:


Крюков В.С., Зиновьев С.В., Некрасов Р.В., Глебова И.В., Галецкий В.Б. Полиферментные препараты в кормлении моногастричных животных. Аграрная наука. 2021;(4):35-43. https://doi.org/10.32634/0869-8155-2021-348-4-35-43

For citation:


Kryukov V.S., Zinoviev S.V., Nekrasov R.V., Glebova I.V., Galetsky V.B. Polyenzyme preparations in feeding of monogastric animals. Agrarian science. 2021;(4):35-43. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.32634/0869-8155-2021-348-4-35-43

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ISSN 0869-8155 (Print)
ISSN 2686-701X (Online)